(Image Source http://wiki.auroville.org.in/ )

One way to make a boring and expensive concrete slab sexy, lighter and cheaper is to use a 'Filler Slab'. A filler slab is where we replace a portion of concrete in the 'tension' zone of the slab with  inexpensive lightweight filler materials such as clay roof (Mangalore) tiles, bricks, earthen pots, coconut shells, glass bottles or any other creative material you can think of.

 

(Sketch Source: Laurie baker's cost reduction manual)

 

In a simply supported RCC slab, the upper part of the slab is in compression while the lower portion of the slab experiences tensile forces. The steel reinforcement in such a slab is in the lower part to counter the tensile forces but the concrete (which is weak in tension) in that zone is mostly redundant except for a small portion required to hold and protect the steel rods. This redundant concrete can be replaced with a cheaper filler material. By choosing the filler material judiciously, we could save about 30-35% of concrete compared to a traditional RCC slab. A light weight filler material also reduces the dead load hence less steel reinforcement is required. In all we may expect to save about 25% of the cost (True for regions where material is expensive compared to labor).

A filler slab with two stacked clay tiles as shown in the sketch above also increases the thermal insulation of the slab. 

 

To sum it up, consider using a filler slab for the following:

1. Reduce use of energy intensive materials (embodied energy).

2. Save on construction cost 

3. Increase thermal comfort

4. Create an interesting look

Views: 3895

Comment

You need to be a member of Archisage to add comments!

Join Archisage

Comment by PACKIARAJJ on July 24, 2012 at 8:06pm

It is a novel idea, Godd job.

Comment by Robert P Fryer on May 31, 2011 at 8:38pm
This is excellent, thank you for the resource

© 2019   Created by Archisage.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service